Other industry data

Wheat and Flour Production and Usage

The UK flour milling industry consists of 32 companies, operating a total of 56 milling sites. Wheat is the industry’s main raw material, with approximately 6.4 million tonnes milled in 2010. Flour production was approximately 5.1 million tonnes in 2011, averaging 73,000 tonnes per mill.

About 60% of flour produced in the UK is used in the manufacture of bread products, with the remaining 40% being used in a huge diversity of food products.

Click here to download an information sheet on the UK Flour Milling Industry.

Wheat usage by millers was steady throughout the period 1997 to 2008 when it increased as a new wheat starch plant was commissioned. Flour production also changed little throughout that period as declining consumption of bread was in part compensated by a slight increase in the population.

Each year, British flour millers use approximately 5m tonnes of wheat. In the region of 83% of the wheat used by UK millers is grown in the UK. The remainder comes from Canada, the USA, France and Germany and is sourced for particular functionalities.

Wheat usage by UK millers

For more information on wheat milling and flour production in the UK please visit www.nabim.org.uk

Bread Consumption

Bread is bought by 99% of British households, and the equivalent of nearly 12 million loaves are sold each day.

Approximately 75% of the bread we eat is white and sandwiches are thought to account for 50% of overall bread consumption.

Average bread purchases are the equivalent of 43 loaves per person per year.

According to the government’s National Diet and Nutrition Survey, median bread consumption per person is approximately 90 grams per day, higher for men (113g) than for women (76g).

Large bakeries, which produce wrapped and sliced bread, account for 80% of UK bread production. In store bakeries produce about 17% of bread, with the remainder accounted for by high street bakeries.

Defra Statistics Reports

Family Food 2010

Defra report on family food consumption in the UK is the successor to the national food survey which started in the 1940’s. The report is based on the results of their Expenditure and Food Survey. Data is collected for a sample of households in the United Kingdom using self-reported diaries of all purchases, including food eaten out, over a two week period. The report includes estimates of household food and drink purchases, expenditure, and energy and nutrient intakes per person in the UK in 2009-10. It also includes estimates of food and drink purchased for consumption outside the home (ie. eating out), longer term trends, regional analyses and demographic analyses.

The full Report is available to download from: http://www.defra.gov.uk/statistics/foodfarm/food/familyfood/

Associated information including past reports can be also be found on the Family Food pages of the Defra statistics website.